Harvard Mental Health Letter

Endometriosis and infertility

I have a family history of endometriosis. I have heard this condition could lead to infertility. What treatments are available, and how do you know for sure if you have it? Endometriosis is a condition in which the endometrial tissue that normally lines the uterus is found on other organs. The organs are usually in the pelvis and include the ovaries, bladder, bowel, and peritoneum (the sheet of tissue that lines the pelvis). Most cases probably occur when the endometrial tissue sheds from the uterus during a menstrual period. But instead of exiting the body through the vagina as the menses, the tissue flows backward through the Fallopian tubes to the pelvic cavity.
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