Harvard Heart Letter

Hormones and your heart

Age-related drops in sex hormone levels sometimes cause undesirable symptoms in both women and men. For women, hormone therapy (estrogen and progestins) can address those symptoms but should not be used for the purpose of reducing cardiovascular risk. A free mobile app called MenPro can help women understand their treatment options, based on their risk of heart disease. For older men, testosterone therapy may moderately improve sexual function but does not appear to improve mood or walking speed. But because there are no large, long-term studies of testosterone therapy in men, the heart risks are unknown.
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