Sickle Cell Anemia

Sickle cell anemia is an inherited blood disorder. It causes: Chronic destruction of red blood cells Episodes of intense pain Vulnerability to infections Organ damage In some cases, early death Hemoglobin is a protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen. People with sickle cell anemia inherit a defective type of hemoglobin. When oxygen levels inside a red blood cell get low, the defective hemoglobin forms long rods. These rods stretch the red blood cells into long, abnormal "sickle" shapes. In contrast, normal red blood cells are disc-shaped.
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