Harvard Women's Health Watch

Depression and cardiovascular risk in women

Smoking, poor diet, physical inactivity, high cholesterol, obesity, high blood pressure, and diabetes increase the risk of developing cardiovascular disease (CVD). There's mounting evidence that depression should be added to this list. Research suggests that it increases the chances of developing heart disease and stroke, even after factors such as smoking are taken into account. Two investigations highlight the relationship between depression and CVD in postmenopausal women.
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