Smoking, poor diet, physical inactivity, high cholesterol,
obesity, high blood pressure, and diabetes increase the risk of
developing cardiovascular disease (CVD). There's mounting
evidence that depression should be added to this list. Research
suggests that it increases the chances of developing heart
disease and stroke, even after factors such as smoking are taken
into account. Two investigations highlight the relationship
between depression and CVD in postmenopausal women.
To continue reading this article, you must login
Subscribe to Harvard Health Online for immediate access to health news and information from Harvard Medical School.